Monday, November 9, 2015

Once upon a time I just wanted to hold a raptor...

Once upon a time I just wanted to hold a raptor.  I didn't know a lot about them, just that for whatever reason I was fascinated with them and really wanted to know more.  I grew up in a family with pets and a father who knew more about wildlife than most.  I grew up watching Wild Kingdom and living with a variety of animals like dogs, cats, birds, rats, rabbits, turtles and being fascinated by all of them.  I have always loved learning about animals and getting to know them and I just wanted to learn more about raptors.

Initially, it was challenging finding a way to be able to do this.  I had contacted a local education center but never got a response.  I was very close to signing up for a day long falconry class despite the fact that I had no interest in falconry, just being with birds.  I was lucky in that I was hooked up with Jenny Papka who is the keeper for the raptors of Native Bird Connections.

I began volunteering and cleaning, feeding and handling birds.  We have many different types of birds and I have spent the past year and a half learning about these species, as well as getting to know the birds as individuals.  My interest and fascination has began to turn into a passion for the birds and a love of helping to educate people about them.  One of my favorite things is seeing someone who has never been up close to a raptor or even had much of an interest in them see them for the first time and realize how spectacular they are.

It has been a learning curve for me.  At times fun and challenging and, if I am being honest, at times frustrating and confusing.  It has been clear and easy to understand intellectually the differences between humans, dogs, parrots and raptors and the differences in working with social vs. non-social animals, but making that shift emotionally can be easier said than done.  I am happy with where I am at in the journey, but it isn't without occasional bumps in the road.  My goal is to keep my heart and mind open, my ego tucked safely away and my willingness to learn and change at the forefront.

One thing I love to do is post pictures of the birds, sometimes with me or another handler, or sometimes of just the bird alone.  I do this because I want so badly to encourage and inspire people.  I care about these birds so much and it can be challenging to encourage people to care about animals that are not warm and fuzzy.  We don't pet them, we don't ask them to "love" us, we don't think of them as pets or even as ours.  One of my favorite things Jenny says is that we are "borrowing them from death".  We understand that we are borrowing them from death because they have in some way become unable to survive in the wild.  We understand that a captive life is not the life they chose and we are grateful that they are willing to accept it and accept us as trusted partners for the better of their species.  If we are being fair and kind and honest, this is the most we should ask and hope for.

I am excited when people see the pictures and say, "Wow, what a beautiful bird" or "You're so lucky!" because it means that people are impressed and do care.  What I want to tell people is that while I do feel incredibly grateful that I am able to do this, it isn't luck and you may be able to do it too.  There are organizations that need and want volunteers.  That are desperate for dependable people who are willing to to learn and put the time in to make a difference for these birds.  If you have an interest you may want to check out a local wildlife rehab or wildlife education organization. It isn't "easy" work.  There is a lot more that is involved than just holding birds.  I also go once a week and clean enclosures, feed birds, pick up their leftovers (body parts), prepare their meals (gut and cut up rodents and quail or chicks), hold birds for various procedures and sometimes help with upgrades and other work around their enclosures.  It's hard and sometimes my back hurts after and I am tired and dirty, but it's worth it because I know that what I am doing is making a difference.  It isn't just bodies and work that is needed either money is needed too.  Our food bill can run $800 to $1000 per month!  So, just getting the word out, sharing about us and other groups, donating money, letting people know about things like not using rat poison and the advantages of putting up nest boxes is all important too.  It's all so worth it, for this...

Sunday, March 22, 2015

My visit to Necker Island

I can't remember the last time I have written so much.  This vacation has been so inspiring and filled with great experiences and adventures.  One of the most amazing things was our visit to Necker Island.  Necker Island is Richard Branson's (of Virgin Records, Virgin Mobile, Virgin Airlines) private island located here in the British Virgin Islands.  For years he lived on the island, he raised his kids there and evnetually made it is into a place where people could visit and stay.  We did not stay there, but were fortunate enough to visit.  Click here to see a you tube video of Necker Island with Richard Branson.

Necker Island from above. 
Rick and I on Necker Island.  Photo by Mary Jones.

Necker is and island, of course, so the only way to get there is by boat or helicopter.  We were taken to the the island in a glass bottom boat that is owned by a young guy named Gumption.  Gumption told us the story of Richard helping him to start his business, Sea it Clear, glass bottom boat rides and tours, which included allowing Gumption to bring people to the island in his boat and give tours. Gumption is the only person who is allowed to do this.  He is knowledgable, generous, kind and a great tour guide.  He spent a lot of time with us, showing us the island, the animals and telling us about his different causes including sea turtle conservation.

Gumption, me and Rick.

The island is like nothing I have ever seen or experienced.  The beaches, the water, the animals and the amazing surroundings was breathtaking and overwhelming.  It is quite difficult to put into words which is one reason why I took so many pictures.  Since words really can't describe, I am going to allow the photos to do the talking.  Interestingly, the only waiver we signed was one saying that we would not post photos of other people or share posts saying we saw so and so there, but nothing about the animals, risks, etc.  So very different from the United States!

One of the homes on Necker.

Another great shot from the island.

Arriving at the island via glass bottom boat.
The highlight of going to visit this paradise for me, of course, was the animals.  Several different types of lemurs, parrots, flamingos, tortoises, lizards and lots of lots of doves.  Anytime I visit or see animals in captivity, there is always a possibility that I won't be comfortable with the setups or enclosures for the animals.  I was actually really impressed with the and happy with the amount of space, natural enrichment and a natural environment they are provided with.  The tortoises were loose and free to roam, as are the many large iguanas.  His goal here is conservation and many of hte lemurs are successfully breeding on Necker.  We even saw a mother with her baby holding on while she moved around.

I have worked with lemurs before, both the Ring Tailed Lemurs and the Blue-eyed Black Lemurs when I volunteered at the Oakland Zoo.  However, getting the opportunity to be close to animals like this is not something that is easy to come by in the U.S.  It is a rare opportunity and the times I have been around wild or captive animals was not like this.  We were taken into the actual enclosures where the lemurs live.  They were wandering all around us, climbing on us, inquisitive and interactive, clearly very comfortable with people!  We were allowed to meet, interact with and basically hang out with several different types of lemurs in different enclosures.  

Me and a Red Ruff Lemur.

Look how social.

Mary with one of the lemurs. 

This Ring Tailed Lemur climbed on my husband's shoulder.  We were not feeding these guys.

A curious Ring Tailed Lemur checks me out.  I am not feeding them, we didn't have food in here.

Very chill Black and White Ruff Lemur.

Mary got this great photo.  These are the most endangered lemurs and were hanging out very high in a tree.

In addition to the lemurs, there are a lot of other animals on Necker Island as well.  One of my favorites to see was the large Aldabra Tortoises.  I have worked with this species in the past and in fact, when I was a little kid we would ride the same ones around at the zoo that I later got to participate in training with.

Me with Aldabra Tortoise.  Photo by Mary Jones.
Aldabra tortoise.  Photo by Mary Jones.

Mary and Donna with Aldabra Tortoise.
Another Aldabra.  Photo by Mary Jones.

Necker Island also has several flamingos.  The flock of flamingos are standoffish, but we were allowed to watch them be fed and observe them in their environment.
One of my favorite photos Mary Jones took.  I absolutely love this one.  

Not nearly as talented a photographer as Mary, I took this one.  

They run along the water with help from their wings.  Photo by Mary Jones.

We had the pleasure of meeting a blind flamingo named Lucky.  This bird cannot see so she is kept separate from the large group of flamingos and has a separate enclosure.  She is indeed lucky that this is where she ended up.
Lucky the blind flamingo

Rick and I with Lucky
Another cool species of bird that we got to see is called the Scarlet Ibis.

Scarlet Ibis. Photo by Mary Jones.

Scarlet Ibis.  Photo by Mary Jones.
There were even MORE animals!  Here are a few others that we got to see.
Marley the cockatoo.  I spent a lot of time hanging out and talking to this guy.  One of my favorite animals on Necker.  I just loved him.

Two macaws.

Not a great picture, but this is a large Rock Iguana.  They live and roam freely on Necker.

This dog lives on the island.  I believe that he is from England and is one of Richard Branson's favorite types of dogs, an English Springer/Labrador cross.

On our way back to Virgin Gorda from Necker Island, we stopped at Saba Rock, a restaurant and small resort to have lunch.  We also stayed to watch the "tarpon feeding".  They have groups of HUGE tarpon fish that come there to be fed scraps from the restaurant.  I was lucky enough to get the opportunity to feed them as well!

Me feeding the tarpon.  Photo by Mary Jones.

The tarpon swimming near the dock.

Getting to visit Necker Island was an amazing opportunity.  I highly recommend this experience to anyone who may get the chance to see it.

Tuesday, March 17, 2015

"I want one!".....but, do you really?

I am spending my vacation at an unbelievable and beautiful villa on the Caribbean called Baraka Point.  As if meeting the toucans on the island wasn't enough, I have been fortunate to meet many animals on this trip, including the Red Footed Tortoises that live here at the villa.  We were also treated to a visit to Richard Branson's Necker Island which is home to many different animals.

A 66 year old female Aldabra Tortoise from Necker Island

One of the Red Foot Tortoises from Baraka Point
I am on several different bird/parrot facebook pages and forums, including pages that list baby birds and adult rehomes looking for new homes.  So many times I see people exclaim "I want one" after seeing a picture or a video of a bird that they like the look of.  Many times they don't even know the species or anything about it, it may even be a wild animal or a species that is not legal to keep.  Still they "want one" because of how the animal looks in the picture.  Not the best way to choose a companion animal!  Maybe they are saying this jokingly and don't mean it, but judging by the number of parrots and other animals looking for new homes, sometimes just after a few short months once the owner realized that the adorable parrot they had to have is actually quite loud, demanding, messy and a lot of work is something that they "don't have enough time for" indicates that a LOT of people bring home a new pet without giving it nearly enough thought.

I have worked with tortoises in the past and after spending time with Nemo, the California Desert Tortoise that I have agreed to be a "godmother" to, I have become more interested in learning about them, their requirements and how they live.  Naturally, I was drawn to the tortoises here and Rick and I have been feeding and watering them daily since we got here.

Nemo, Native Bird Connections Ca Desert Tortoise, my "god tortoise"
Needless to say, I am enjoying these tortoises.  It would be very easy for me to say, "I want one!" beause of my newfound interest in them.  Okay, fair enough, they are cool and truth be told, I have thought, "Wow, I could have one of these guys".  If I am going to truly consider this, or any new animal, I have to seriously think about what this means and weigh all the realizations and possibilities.  Here are some of the things I need to look at and what I need to consider:

  • Do I have the time?  I have a lot of animals already.  Several dogs, birds, cats, my doves.  Bringing in another animal would require more of my time.  I spend a lot of time hanging out with my animals, but there is also the cleaning, feeding and other things I need to invest time in associated with them.
  • Do I have the space?  The tortoises here have a large, outdoor space here.  Because of the climate they do not need an indoor space, but if I were to keep a tortoise at my home I would need an indoor and an outdoor space.  It would need to be large, tortoises require a decent amount of space.  I would also need lamps, water sources and all of that takes up space.
  • Do I have the information?  I am always working to gain as much knowledge, experience and skill development in working with, keeping and handling any animals that I am responsible for.  Taking on a whole new species requires a whole new world of animal care to learn about.  This is something I take seriously and would be a big project for me.
  • Can I make the commitment?  Tortoises can live for a very long time.  Can I commit to an animal that may live up to 50 years?  If I got a young tortoise it could outlive me!  
  • The impact on my other animals.  I have a houseful of animals that I am committed to, responsible for and who count on me.  Is it far to them for me to have to make room, find time and give part of their attention to another animal.  With my dogs, I purposely choose to live with dogs who do well in groups, that thrive on the attention and interaction of one another as well as with me and my husband.  This is why it works, they get along, they are dogs that are bred for and thrive on being around other dogs.  Bringing in another species changes everything.  Not to mention that my dogs have not been around tortoises, what would they think?  
  • More work.  I spend a lot of time not only interacting with and training my animals, but also cleaning, preparing food and caring for them.  My dogs eat twice a day with their second meal including a dehydrated food that must be rehydrated with water and then left to sit before being mixed with their other food.  The birds eat twice a day with their breakfast including a soft, wet, fresh food meal that must be removed after a few hours.  Several of our dogs eat in crates so their crate pads have to be changed and cleaned.  Bird cages have to be cleaned.  The dove aviary has to be cleaned.  Areas have to be vacuumed.  Cat boxes have to be cleaned.  You get the idea.
  • More money.  My animals eat well.  I am proud of this and it is important to me to be able to provide this, but it isn't cheap.  I use fresh foods, store bought diets from local pet supply stores and order a lot online.  Dogs and birds require a lot of toys and enrichment, so I spend an obsene amount of money on dog and bird toys and enrichment.  In addition to food and toys there are also vet bills.  If you think routine dog and cat veterinary care is expensive, you don't even want to know about bird care.  The list goes on.  Financial impact is something to think seriously about.
When I am an honest and lay it all on the line, it becomes clear to me that no, I am not in a position to add a tortoise to my family.  It would require more time, space, money and commitment that I am prepared to offer right now or for the next 50 years.  I won't say that it isn't something I won't consider in the future, but I am currently pretty busy with owning a business, having a husband, several dogs, two cats, a flock of birds and volunteering with a wildlife education program and simply don't have time.  I will continue to respect and admire the tortoises, toucans, lemurs, flamingos, macaws, cockatoos and the people who are able to provide for them correctly, from a distance.  Instead of "wanting one" and taking one home, I will take home pictures, memories and admiration.  

Friday, March 13, 2015

My Adventures in Toucanland!

A few years ago I started seeing these fantastic toucan photos on Facebook.  Nearly every day these amazing, close up shots of these gorgeous, colorful birds would show up on Facebook.  I saw that they all came from a page called Adventures in Toucanland.  I "liked" that page and began to follow it.  I also went to the website and learned more about them.

Pepe.  Photo by Mary Jones.

Fast forward to last June when our good friends took their yearly vacation to Virgin Gorda, a small island in the British Virgin Islands.  Getting there from California requires three plane rides, one from CA to NC, a second from NC to Puerto Rico and then a third ride in a terrifyingly small charter plane from Puerto Rico to the island of Virgin Gorda.  Our friends were delayed and waiting on the charter plane when they started chatting with a woman that they were sitting next to.  They started talking about where they're from and what they do.  When the woman mentioned that she has toucans my friends told her that they have a close friend who trains birds and is always sharing toucan photos.  It turned out, of course, that they were talking with Chrissann Nickel of Adventures in Toucanland.  When she asked who their friend was she immediately told them that she had been friends with me on Facebook for some time and knew who I was!  Later last year our dear friends Mary and Donna invited my husband Rick and I to join them on their next trip to the Virgin Gorda which would be next March, which is, as it turns out, right now.  Yes, I am writing this blog, sitting on a couch inside an unbelievably beautiful villa looking out the open door to the Caribbean.  The villa and staff are amazing and most of our vacation consists of us hanging out around here, lying in the sun, snorkling, swimming, eating fabulous food, drinking fabulous wine and of course, a visit to meet the toucans!

We had the pleasure of being invited by Chrissann to come and meet her and visit with and meet the toucans.  I can't tell you what an extraordinary honor it was.  To get to see them up close, to be allowed to feed them blueberries and ask her whatever we wanted was a once in a lifetime event.  When you hear "Adventures in Toucanland" you might think that it is some kind of attraction or amusement park, but that is hardly the case.  The birds live on a hill above Chrissann's home in large enclosures set up for their well being.  It is a little bit of a climb to reach the enclosures, but so worth it!

My husband Rick, Paz and I.  Photo by Mary Jones.

When I first started following Adventures in Toucanland which is the name of their Facebook page and website, I didn't know the whole story and just assumed that these birds were her "pets".  I know people who keep the smaller species of toucans, aracaris and toucanets as pets, so I assumed she had aquired these larger Toco Toucans because she wanted them as pets.  I quickly learned that wasn't the case at all.  Pepe, Paz and Paco as they are named were rescued from a business here in the BVI that uses animals as a money making attraction.  Their main source of income is offering people the opportunity to "swim with dolphins".  Unfortunately, the dolphins are kept in substandard conditions, not offered what they need in terms of enrichment or care and basically exploited for money.  Sadly, the public doesn't know that  and tourists pay good money for the opportunity to swim with them.  In addition to the dolphins, they also used to keep birds including the toucans and several species of parrots.  None of the animals were being cared for properly and they decided that the birds, who they considered nothing more than a burden to care for and not money makers needed to go.  Chrissann agreed to take the "Three Cans" as they are affectionately known and made arrangements for the parrots to go someplace else.

What Chrissann and her partner David have done for these birds is pretty extraordinary to be sure.  Chrissann readily admits that while she is grateful that she was able to save them and is happy that she can give them this life, she did not know at the time how it would change her life. They can no longer zip off the island to get away, which I have learned is an important part of island living.  The island is not big, and part of the attraction is being able to leave and get away, which is not so simple now that they care for these birds.  All of the birds have large enclosures that I found to be well suited, filled with enrichment and toys, appropriate perching, clean and with fresh food.  Pepe's enclosure is designed differently, with a raised bottom and low perching to accommodate for his disability.  He can't fall far in this enclosure which makes it safe for him.  Chrissann took the time to learn and understand operant conditioning and positive reinforcement training in order to help the birds learn to trust and become more comfortable, but also to teach some management behaviors.  It is clear however, that even with everything they have offered, it isn't enough for Chrissann, who loves her birds and despite giving them amazing lives, doesn't feel that they should be living as "pets" in this way.  Of course, there is no choice for Pepe, Paz and Paco.  These birds, while all of their history is unclear, could no longer live in the wild.

Chrissann and Paco
I want to point out that while we were allowed to see the toucans and even to go into one of the enclosures and feed the birds, we were given very specific instructions on how to behave, how to offer the food, where to be, etc.  Further, the safety and comfort level of the birds was Chrissann's priority which I greatly respected.  The birds were not treated like some kind of attraction, they are being shared with the intention of educating people.

Me feeding blueberries to Paz.  Photo by Rick Ronchette.

Mary feeding Paz.  Photo by Vicki Ronchette.
I learned so much from Chrissann during our visit.  I used to feel that the small toucans could make appropriate pets for someone who could offer the proper time, space, food, attention, etc.  Now, I definitely do not believe that the large toucans should be pets and I am not so sure I think that the small ones should be either.  Truth be told, more than the animals, it is the people who have them that is the issue.  I find there to be a small percentage of people who understand what it takes to give their parrots everything that they need.  It isn't that I don't think people should have birds as companion animals, I have several birds myself, but I find that the ease in which someone can obtain a bird like a Cockatoo or a Macaw or an African Grey to be troubling because getting the bird is the easy part, it is the providing for them corretly, day in and day out, for many many years that is the hard part.  The toucans are extraordinary.  They are beautiful, funny, exotic and amazing and they are the kind of animals that the wrong kind of person could want for all the wrong reasons.  Thankfully, toucans are not as easy to find and are quite expensive.  You don't see toucan after toucan for sale on Craigslist, sometimes as young as a year old because people bought a baby and then realized that they are loud, messy, active and demanding like we see with so many parrot species.  That is a good thing.

Pepe.  Photo by Mary Jones.
Here are a few things that would prevent me from having a toucan and things that I think people should think about strongly if they are considering trying to get a toucan or even if they think that they would make cool pets.
  • Space.  This one I was aware of.  Toucans, even the smaller species require a lot of space and not just vertical space, but also a lot of horizontal space to hop and move around.  They are extremely active and busy.  I know that I could not offer this type of space.
  • Mess.  Toucans are fruit eaters.  Birds that are fruit eaters tend to be very messy because they shoot watery poop all over.  Not easy to keep clean at all.
  • They aren't parrots.  They are social and can be handled by people if conditioned to do so, but they are a complicated and exotic species.  
  • They can be aggressive with one another and with parrots, just as parrots can be.  I know people who have both parrots and toucans and must keep them carefully separated.
Here are a few things that I did NOT know, but learned from Chrissann.
  • They can be aggressive and territorial.  While they may not be able to do as much serious damage as some animals, they certainly can do some.  Chrissann has worked hard to get her mistreated and mishandled birds to trust her, but she can't have just anyone in there and can have only a couple of people in with Paco.  Toucans look beautiful, comical and exotic, you might not think of them as dangerous, but they can certainly be intimidating.
  • They need to be fed often, several times a day.  They eat fresh fruit and they don't want it spoiled, mushy or old.  
  • Space again.  Even adequate space is probably not really adequate.
  • They are very active.  Of course, there are many species of parrots that are very active too.  This is not unlike some of the active parrot species, but still something that we need to think about.  I meet a lot of people who think that a parrot can just sit quietly and do nothing all day on a perch which isn't the case.  It's not the case with toucans either.
  • Everyone on the planet is not bird obsessed like me.  It isn't easy for her to find help with socializing with her birds, working on training or helping to care for them when she is away.
Most of all, I learned that these birds are extremely intelligent, demanding, active and not at all easy to keep properly.  I thank Chrissann Nickel as well as Paco, PePe and Paz from the bottom of my heart for the opportunity to meet you and your amazing birds.  I also thank our friends Mary and Donna for bringing us here and feeling that it was important that we experience Baraka Point in the Virgin Gorda and the toucans.  I feel like while I still have so much to learn, I have learned a lot and feel a bit more armed to talk about the reality of living with and caring for toucans.

Chrissann Nickel, Paz and I.  Photo by Mary Jones.
Please consider visiting the Adventures in Toucanland website to learn more about PePe, Paz and Paco but also to learn about toucans in general.  Also, please like the Adventures in Toucanland Facebook page to enjoy daily photos and stories of the Three Cans to learn more about them and to share and help to educate others about them.

Tuesday, October 14, 2014

I wonder...

I wonder if my birds wonder.  This post isn't about what we know for sure or what science has told us, it is just about my own thoughts and questions about whether or not our birds wonder about things like we do.

Forever and ever people who have lived with animals have said they have emotions similar to ours, using their connection to their animals as a compass we didn't need science to confirm it, but now it has.  Finally, research is starting to surface that tells us that our animals do think and feel.  Of course we know that animals can learn, solve problems and use tools.  So, it isn't too out of left field to think that they may be capable of wondering.

When I say wondering, I mean thinking about the past, wondering what will happen next and daydreaming about things.  I have been involved in animal rescue for many years.  I have had animals com from a variety of situations from a really wonderful home where they were very much loved, but had to be rehomed due to allergies, illness, their owner passing away or losing their home. I have also had rescue animals that came from not so good situations.  Animals that came from homes where they were neglected, sometimes not treated very kindly.  For the most part they seem to take most things in stride and not hold onto the baggage from their past, still, they have memories, do they think about their past?

Charlie, our 21 year old Amazon lived with a man who he loved and went every where with for 15 years until the man died of cancer.  Charlie loved my husband Rick the first time he met him.  He is our bird and he is fine with me, but Rick is his preferred person and I am not disillusioned into thinking that he feels the same way about me as he does Rick.  I wonder if Charlie thinks about his former home, his old best friend who suddenly wasn't there anymore.  Does he wonder what happened, where he is and if he will come back?  Does he think about him and feel comforted with the memories he carries, does he feel sad thinking about him?  Has he accepted that in life people and animals come and go?

Iris, my 10 year old Dusky Pionus was purchased from a bird shop as a baby.  Her owner apparently loved her and her other bird, but when she married and had a baby, she returned Iris to the bird shop.  I purchased her from the bird shop 2 years ago when I was heartbroken over the loss of my Grey.  Iris is very attached to me and no one else.  I wonder if she feels sad and understands she was given up once the babies arrived.  Does she feel sadness and resentful?  Is she angry?  Hurt? Does she wonder why that happened?  Does she wonder if she did something wrong?  Am I thinking too much into this?  I don't think so, but I am thinking about and wondering about something that I will probably never have an answer for and that's okay, I'm just wondering and wondering is safe and reasonable, as long as I am not pretending to know the answer or making up an answer to fit my own needs or agenda.

I wonder most about Joey.  I adopted Joey after he and the other animals in the home had to be rehomed due to a major, tragic, life changing event.  Joey was in the house during the event which ended in the fatalityof a person.  I don't know if he saw it, but he surely was in the home when it happened and in the weeks that followed prior to coming to me.  His owner was gone, people were coming and going, animals were leaving or being cared for there.  When he first came to me, I can only describe his behavior as looking angry.  He would rush over and smack his beak into the sides of the cage, lunge to bite, he was very upset.  But, I worked with him and in very short time for a period, I was handling him, holding him and he is now the sweetest, most lovely and affectionate parrot...with me.  No one else has attempted to handle him yet, but he seems to like being talked to and interacted with.  Does he wonder about his former owner?  Does he wonder what happened?  Does he think about it at all?  Does it scare him or worry him?  Does he wonder if he will be moved again or something else will happen?  I wish I could know what goes on behind his big dark eyes.  I tell him he is loved and safe and I hope he knows that and understands that, but does he?  I don't know, I can only wonder.

Wednesday, October 8, 2014

What's in a name?

Naming animals is one of my favorite things!  Whether it is a bird, a new dog, a friend's show dog, whatever, I am all about choosing the perfect name for every animal in my life.  That is why it is a bit of a criteria shift for me to be working with animals that have no names.

The organization where I volunteer and am lucky enough to handle raptors is Native Bird Connections.  When the organization was founded the decision was made not to name the animals. There are a few reasons for this thoughtful decision.  First, they didn't want the public to view our program animals as "pets".  It is difficult for people to see an amazing wild animal like a hawk or an owl and not say, "I want one!"  As humans when we see an animal that we view as cute, beautiful or appealing in some way, we want to touch it, connect with it and even own it.  This may be fine for a domestic dog or a cat, but it isn't so wild animals, particularly non social animals.

People sometimes seemed stunned that we don't pet them or touch them, other than to handle them on the glove, but the reason that we do this is because it is what is best for the animal.  Unlike dogs or parrots or some other animals, these animals are not social.  Most are not social even with their own species, so humans "petting" them is not something that would be welcomed.  Our goal is to handle and treat them with respect which brings us back to the naming of our program birds.

Some organizations that have non-releasable program animals do choose to name them and this is okay, it is an decision that each organization needs to make for itself.  When Native Bird Connections was formed in 2000, the decision was made not to name them.  Another reason that they decided not to name them is that they didn't feel like these animals are "theirs".  The philosophy is that we are lucky that these wild animals that can no longer survive on their own, in the wild are willing to accept a life in captivity and that they are willing to give us the best that they can which is a working relationship based on trust, cooperation and negotiation.  We don't ask them to perform or do things or tricks or behaviors other than coming to programs, remaining on a perch, standing on our gloves, being moved from carrier to enclosure to perch and allowing us to interact with them cooperatively. We also don't feel that we "own" them or that they are "ours".  Yes, we are responsible for them, but they are not "ours" and never will be.

When I first started working with them and met the birds I was told it was okay if I gave them nicknames or called them what I wanted.  I honestly thought that this whole idea of them not having names would be difficult for me.  I am all about names!  But honestly, it doesn't bother me at all. There is something very organic, natural and good about just saying, "Good morning Red Tail!" or "You want a shower, Roughie?"  I have come to enjoy calling them by who they are.  Just another shift in thinking and learning a new way to live with and interact with a different type of animal.

I just call her Eagle

Joey, in three months time

Nearly three months ago I agreed to take in five birds from a friend who had to rehome her animals due to a tragic, life changing event.  Her flock included a 5 year old White Capped Pionus, a 4 year old Canary Winged Parakeet, an 8 year old Green Cheek Conure and two budgies.  Two of the five have moved on from my home, but Joey, the Pionus and Easter and Peep, the two budgies will remain with me.

I have spent a great deal of time over the past three months working with Joey.  When he first arrived here he was very defensive of his cage and would lunge and bang into the sides with his beak every time I came near.  When my friends family brought the birds they told me that he was very aggressive.  I was not able to communicate with the friend who had the birds before me.  Just going by what I saw it was clear he would be hands off for a while.

Joey's cage was set up in a way that you could only change his food and water by opening the large front door opening and putting your hands into the inside of the cage!  This is challenging when you have a bird who is rushing to get to your hands aggressively when you open the door.  I have had this issue with several birds and always deal with it the same way which is to teach them to go to a certain perch in their cage and remain there while I do what I need to do.  That is what I did with Joey.  I tested foods and found his favorite to be grapes.  Grapes are not particularly nutritious to birds, but I offer them because they like them and they are not harmful.  I have used grapes with a few of my birds as I worked through finding other things they like.  Every time I would go to feed or water Joey, I would lure him up to a certain perch and fed him grape pieces while I changed his food and water.  I would continue to offer pieces or give him big pieces that lasted awhile.  It wasn't a day or two later that the moment I came into the room he would rush up to that perch.

As time went on, he began to look pretty excited when I came in and went up to that perch every time I would enter.  I did not let Joey out of his cage right away for a couple of reasons.  First, I did not want him to come out and then me have to force him to go back in.  Our relationship was moving forward in a way that I was really happy with and I didn't want to damage that.  So, we did quite a bit of training with him in his cage and me sitting with him, talking to him, listening to music with him and training him.

Finally, about 3 weeks after he arrived, I decided to open his cage and let him come out.  He crawled right out and went to the top of his cage.  He seemed happy to be out.  I offered my hand and he lunged to bite it.  I did not offer my hand again for more than a month but I did begin to let him out regularly because I learned that he would go back in eventually, so I just had to time it when I had plenty of time.  Here is the first time I let him out of his cage.

Sometimes when I had Joey out of his cage he would do the infamous "Pionus strut" where he would drop his wings and march back and forth on the top of his cage.  He has not done this in a long time, but did do it when a new person came by to meet one of the birds to adopt.  That strut clearly indicated he was feeling defensive and probably a bit territorial and that it is best not to touch him!  Here is a short video of Joey "strutting"

I decided to move Joey to another cage.  I had a trip planned and my friend was going to be staying with my animals and I didn't want her to have to rely on Joey staying on his perch while she fed him, which by the way, he did, but I didn't know it that would be an issue.  Also, I wanted him to have a larger, heavier cage and I happened to have my Amazon's old cage, so I decided to see if Joey would mind moving to that one.  I also hoped that a new cage would lesson the territorial behavior around his cage.  I left the open cage next to his cage for days and let him explore and check it out at his pace and then finally moved him in.

I began stick training him and the stick training came along really well.  He learned to step onto a dowel fairly quickly which allowed him to choose to get close to me.  He began to want to be close very quickly and would come as close to my hand as possible.  Initially, I would put my hand inside my sweatshirt so that he couldn't see it since it seemed to upset him so much in the beginning.  He always seemed to be asking for me to get the stick so he could come and be close.

We continued with the stick training and he would always rush onto the stick and as close to me without getting onto my hand.  A couple of times he beaked my finger through my shirt.  Only one time with pressure and not very much, just exploring and checking it out.  One day I went into the kitchen just around the corner from where he was and he flew into the room after me.  I decided to put some trust into what I thought we were building and I offered my hand and he stepped up.  A lot of birds will step up from the ground, but I would never purposely put a bird in that position just to get him to step up.  When he stepped up that time I brought him back to his cage, but he wanted to stay on me and he hung out on my arm watching tv for a really long time.  He did make his way up to my shoulder and hang out there for a while to.  Clearly, he was ready for the next step in our relationship.

Joey now steps up and hangs out with me regularly.  He gently puts his beak on my fingers but never with any pressure.  He allows and asks for neck scritching.  I am impressed and amazed with how far he has come in such a short amount of time.  People sometimes think that 3 months is a long time, but it is actually an incredibly short period of time for a parrot.  I am excited to continue to grow with Joey.  

So, that is where we are at and I will surely keep you posted on our progress!